6 Essential Basics of Network Time Protocol That You Need to Know

Network Time Protocol Definition

The simplest definition of Network Time Protocol is that it is a networking protocol primarily used for the purpose of synchronising clocks on computers. However, it can also be used to synchronise a myriad of other devices.

The 6 ‘need to know’ basics of Network Time Protocol are as follows:

1. First and foremost, NTP requires a ‘reference clock’ that defines the ‘true’ time in order to operate correctly. All computer clocks are then synchronised based on the ‘true’ time provided by the reference clocks.

2. Regardless of where you are in the world, Network Time Protocol utilises UTC as its point of reference for sourcing time.

3. NTP will automatically seek the truest time source available from several options and will synchronise to the best one accordingly. NTP is ultimately a fault-tolerant protocol.

4. NTP is highly accessible. A synchronisation network has the capacity to feature numerous reference clocks. Each node of such networks can exchange time information bi-directionally (two directions) or uni-directionally (one direction). Spreading time from one node to another creates a hierarchical system, at the top of which, the reference clocks are found.

5. With the presence of several time sources, NTP can determine which source is the best and form an estimate of the current time. Network Time Protocol is considered to be extremely accurate.

6. NTP is so intelligent that even when a network connection is temporarily broken, it can refer to time measurements prior to network failure in order to estimate the current time, and adjust accordingly to account for the error.

Dedicated NTP servers

Public time servers (meaning those based on the internet) are vulnerable and unreliable compared to dedicated NTP servers. A simple internet search on public NTP servers will reveal an ongoing attack on such servers in the form of DDoS attacks.

While not immune to DDoS attacks, dedicated
http://www.ntp-server.co.uk/”>NTP servers do offer much more resistance to exploitation.

How? They are much more difficult for hackers to infiltrate as they require a higher level knowledge of NTP beyond that required to exploit a public time server.

A hacker would need to be inside the network and have a clear understanding of the network structure in order to carry out attacks or internal DDoS.

The primary benefit of investing in an NTP time server is that the majority of technologies do not require internet connectivity in order to function, immediately eliminating the threat of an external DDoS attack.

Galleon Systems specialise in the design and manufacture of Network Time Servers, which synchronise time across thousands of devices connected to a network. Units come complete with an industry leading 6 year warranty. Visit

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